Pathological anatomy — 6

B.3.8 — Pathological anatomy

CourseName

Code

Semester

Theory
(hours/week)

Application
(hours/week)

Credit

ECTS

Pathological anatomy

B.3.8

6

3

2

5

5

Prequisites Normal physiology, anatomy, biochemistry.
Course language English
Course type Must 
Mode of Delivery Face-to-Face 
Learning and teaching strategies Lecture
Discussion
Question and Answer
Instructor (s) Kudaibergen Osmonaliev
Course objective Study of the pathology of diseases and injuries across the life span. Topics include etiology, symptoms, and the physical and psychological reactions to diseases and injuries.
Learning outcomes

1. Distinguish environmental factors, physical, psychosocial, and cognitive characteristics of various diseases and conditions.

2. Identify implications of therapeutic interventions for diseases and conditions.

3. Demonstrate a basic understanding of the concepts and elements of disease.

4. Demonstrate an understanding of the mechanisms of diseases, the diagnosis of diseases, and the treatment of diseases.

5. Understand the pharmacological treatment of diseases or conditions.

6. Discuss common laboratory and diagnostic tests.

Course Content The purpose of this course is to provide students with a basic understanding of factors that contribute to the occurrence of various diseases, mechanisms of disease development, human organism reaction to diseases, clinical signs and symptoms and how those diseases may be treated. Students will learn how to recognize mechanisms of disease development, risk factors and the signs and symptoms of diseases that may be found in a health record.
References
  1. Pathoma Lecture Notes.2017

  2. Text Book of Pathology – 6th ed. 2010

3.Textbook of Medical Physiology – 11th edition, 2005

4.Pubmed: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/

5.Uptodate: https://www.uptodate.com/home

Course outline weekly

Weeks

Topics

Week 1 Respiratory system pathology: Pathology of nasopharynx, larynx diseases, pulmonary infectious: pneumonia, tuberculosis. Pathology of restrictive pulmonary diseases: Idipathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumoconiosis, sarcoidosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
Week 2

Pathology of COPD: Chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, bronchoectasis.

Pulmonary hypertension pathology, Respiratory distress syndrome.

Week 3 Pathology of Vasculitis: large, medium, small vessels.

Systemic Hypertension: primary, secondary.

Week 4 Pathology of arteriosclerosis: atherosclerosis, arteriolosclerosis. Ischemic heart disease pathology: Angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, chronic ischemic heart disease.
Week 5 Pathology of congestive heart failure: left-sided heart failure, right-sided heart failure, acute and chronic heart failure, systolic and diastolic heart failure. Pathology of valvular disorders: Acute and chronic rheumatic fever. Aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral valve prolapsed, mitral valve regurgitation, mitral stenosis.
Week 6 Pathology of Endocarditis, cardiomyopathy: dilated, hypertrophic, restrictive.

Module week.

Week 7 Central nervous system pathology: Spinal cord lesions: seringomyelia, poliomyelitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Meningitis pathology.
Week 8

Pathology of Cerebrovascular diseases: stroke, global cerebral ischemia, ischemic stroke,

Hemorrhagic stroke: intracerebral stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Week 9

Pathology of trauma: Subdural and epidural hematoma, Herniation. Demyelinating Disorders: Leukodystrophy, Multiple sclerosis.

Week 10

Pathology of Dementia and Degenerative Disorders: Alzhimers, Vascular dementia, Frontotemporal dementia (pick disease), normal pressure hydrocephalous, Spongiform encephalopathy. Parkinson’s and dementia with lewy bodies, Huntingtons disease.

Week 11 Module week.
Week 12 Pathology of Musculosceletal system: Achondroplasia, Osteogenesisimprefecta, Osteopetrosis, Rickets/Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis
Week 13 Pathology of Paget disease of bone, Osteomyelitis

Disorders of pigmentation and melanocytes

Week 14 Pathology Degenerative joint disease, Rheumatoid arthritis,

Seronegative Spondyloarthropathy, Gout

Week 15 Pathology of Dearmatomyositis vs polymysosits, Myasthenia gravis vs Lambert-Eaton syndrome
Week 16 Inflammatory dermatoses: Atopic Dermatitis (Eczematous), Contact dermatitis, Acne Vulgaris, Psoriasis, Lichen Planus

Blistering Dermatoses: Pemphigus Vulgaris, Bullous Pemphigoid, Dermatitis Herpetiformis, Erythema Multiforme

Infectiuos disorders: Impetigo, Cellulitis, Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

Week 17 Midterm
Week 18 Final exam

Assesment methods

Course activities

Number

Percentage

Attendance 1

10

Laboratory 0

0

Application 0

0

Field activities 0

0

Specific practical training 0

0

Assignments 2

20

Presentation 0

0

Project 0

0

Seminar 0

0

Midterms 3

70

Total

100

Percentage of semester activities contributing grade succes 0

60

Percentage of final exam contributing grade succes 0

40

Total

100

WORKLOAD AND ECTS CALCULATION

Activities

Number

Duration (hour)

Total Work Load

Course Duration

30

3

90

Laboratory

0

0

0

Application

0

0

0

Specific practical training

0

0

0

Field activities

0

0

0

Study Hours Out of Class (Preliminary work, reinforcement, ect)

2

2

44

Presentation / Seminar Preparation

0

0

0

Project

0

0

0

Homework assignment

0

0

0

Preparation for midtermexams

3

2

6

Midterms

3

2

6

Preparation for final exam

1

2

2

Final Exam

1

2

2

Total Workload

150

Matrix Of The Course Learning Outcomes Versus Program Outcomes

D.9. Key Learning Outcomes Contrubition level*
1 2 3 4 5

Explains the basic structure, development and physiological functioning of the body at the level of molecules, cells, tissues, organs and systems.

X

Defines the causes of diseases, mechanisms of occurrence and changes in affected organs with information based on scientific data.

 X

Evaluates and applies the principles of diagnosis, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation of diseases and epidemiology and reduction of common diseases in the community.

Evaluate national and international health systems in the context of health policies, finance and administration.

Know the research processes that constitute the basis of medical knowledge and have the knowledge of foreign language to follow the developments in this field.

Takes a medical history from the patient and, if necessary, from his relatives.

 X

Performs physical examination of patients, evaluates clinical, laboratory and radiological and findings of common diseases and applies diagnosis and treatment processes using appropriate process steps.

 X

Recognizes life-threatening situations, makes appropriate first treatment and directs when necessary.

Performs preventive medical services.

Keeps medical and forensic records in accordance with legal regulations, gives importance to the confidentiality of patient information and prepares and presents patient information when necessary.

Plans and performs the processes for the prevention and health promotion in the context of individuals and community.

Gain the competency to work independently and take responsibility in compulsory situations.

 X

Demonstrate a lifelong learning behavior towards professional and social changes.

X

Fulfills his responsibilities as within the framework of professional values, ethical principles and legislations without discriminating on the basis of race, gender, religion, social and cultural.

Takes part in the teamwork with his colleagues and health care workers for the disease prevention and health promotion.

 X

Follow the scientific and technological developments in medical practice.

X

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest